Eutelsat 2F5 & Türksat 1A

Launch Time
Mon Jan 24, 1994 21:37 UTC

Third stage turbopump malfunction. Flight V63.


Ariane 44LP
Image Credit: Arianespace
Status: Retired
Liftoff Thrust: 5,800 kN
Payload to GTO: 4,220 kg
Stages: 3
Strap-ons: 4
Rocket Height: 58.72 m

Mission Details

Eutelsat 2F5

Eutelsat 2 F5 is a communications satellite of the Eutelsat constellation. It was destroyed because of the failure of the launch.

Payloads: 1
Total Mass: 1,800.0 kg
Geostationary Transfer Orbit

Türksat 1A

Türksat 1A was a Turkish communications satellite as part of a project to form an instant network with two geosynchronous satellites supervised by the companies Türksat A.Ş. in Turkey and Aérospatiale of France.

Turkey's first spacecraft in its space program, Türksat 1A was launched by Arianespace atop an Ariane-44LP H10+ launch vehicle, along with the French satellite Eutelsat 2F5, in a dual-payload launch on January 24, 1994, at 21:37:00 UTC from ELA-2 at the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. It failed to reach the orbit and fell into the ocean due to a malfunction of the launch vehicle's last stage 12 minutes and 12 seconds after lift-off.

Payloads: 1
Total Mass: 1,743.0 kg
Geostationary Transfer Orbit


ELA-2, Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana, France



3rd orbital launch attempt


54th mission
1st mission of 1994
4th failed mission

Ariane 4

35th mission
1st mission of 1994
2nd failed mission