GStar 5, SBS 5

Launch Time
Thu Sep 08, 1988 23:00 UTC

Flight V25.


Ariane 3
Image Credit: Arianespace
Status: Retired
Liftoff Thrust: 5,100 kN
Payload to GTO: 2,700 kg
Stages: 3
Strap-ons: 2
Rocket Height: 49.0 m

Mission Details

GStar 5

The GStar satellites form the Ku-band component of GTE's satellite fleet.

The spacecraft were based on RCA's (later GE Astro's) AS-3000 three-axis stabilized bus. They featured a communication payload consisting of 16 active Ku-band transponders with 5 more as a reserve.

Payloads: 1
Total Mass: 1,270.0 kg
Geostationary Transfer Orbit


Headquartered in McLean, Virginia, SBS was the first of a growing list of customers to purchase the Hughes HS-376, a spin-stabilized satellite with two concentric telescoping solar panels and a folding antenna that conserve space on the launch vehicle. The SBS satellite has 10 channels with a capacity for 1250 two-way telephone conversations per channel, 10 simultaneous color television transmissions, or a combination of the two. The data rate is 480 megabits per second. The satellite's signal beam covers the continental United States, with higher gains focused on the densely populated eastern and western portions of the country.

Through its solar array of K7 solar cells, which generate 19.7 milliwatts per square centimeter, the Hughes HS-376 offers SBS 1118 Watts of dc power at beginning of life during the autumnal equinox. The power level on the fourth satellite is reduced to 1078 Watts through the use of K4 3/4 solar cells in conjunction with the K7 cells. Two nickel-cadmium batteries furnish power during solar eclipses. The design mission of each satellite is 7 years.

Payloads: 1
Total Mass: 1,117.0 kg
Geostationary Transfer Orbit


ELA-2, Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana, France



85th orbital launch attempt


16th mission
4th mission of 1988
14th successful mission
6th consecutive successful mission

Ariane 3

10th mission
3rd mission of 1988
9th successful mission
5th consecutive successful mission