Oryol Crewed Test Flight

Launch Time
NET December, 2028

First new Russian crewed spacecraft since 1967.


Angara A5
Image Credit: VKS RF
Status: Active
Price: $100.0 million
Liftoff Thrust: 9,610 kN
Payload to LEO: 25,000 kg
Payload to GTO: 3,000 kg
Stages: 2
Strap-ons: 4
Rocket Height: 55.4 m
Fairing Diameter: 4.35 m
Fairing Height: 15.2 m

Mission Details

Oryol Crewed Test Flight

Oryol, formerly Federatsiya, is a project by Roscosmos to develop a new-generation, partially reusable crewed spacecraft.

Until 2016, the official name was Пилотируемый Транспортный Корабль Нового Поколения, or PTK NP, meaning "New Generation Piloted Transport Ship". The goal of the project is to develop a next-generation spacecraft to replace the Soyuz spacecraft developed by the former Soviet Union to support low Earth orbit and lunar operations. It is similar in function to the US Orion or Commercial Crew Development spacecraft.

The PPTS project was started following a failed attempt by Russia and the European Space Agency (ESA) to co-develop the Crew Space Transportation System (CSTS). Following ESA member states declining to finance Kliper in 2006 over concerns about workshare then again declining to finance development of CSTS in 2009 over technology transfer to Russia that could be used for military purposes, the Russian Federal Space Agency ordered a new crewed spacecraft from Russian companies. A development contract was awarded to RKK Energia on 19 December 2013.

Oryol is intended to be capable of carrying crews of four into Earth orbit and beyond on missions of up to 30 days. If docked with a space station, it could stay in space up to a year, which is double the duration of the Soyuz spacecraft. The spacecraft will send cosmonauts to lunar orbit, with a plan to place a space station there, called Lunar Orbital Station.

Payloads: 1
Total Mass: 20,000.0 kg
Low Earth Orbit


Site 1A, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia