TVSAT-2 & Hipparcos

Launch Time
Tue Aug 08, 1989 23:25 UTC

Flight V33.


Ariane 44LP
Image Credit: Arianespace
Status: Retired
Liftoff Thrust: 5,800 kN
Payload to GTO: 4,220 kg
Stages: 3
Strap-ons: 4
Rocket Height: 58.72 m

Mission Details


Like the French TDF, TV-Sat satellites are based on the Aerospatiale Spacebus 300 plattorm and were created by the Eurosatellite consortium of Aerospatiale and Messerschmitt-Broelkow-Blohm (MBB). The technical specifications of TV-Sat are also virtually identical with those of TDF, and both satellites share the same geostationary locale near 19 degrees W. MBB was responsible for the attitude and orbit control systems on both TDF and TV-Sat using the S400 and S10 engines.

Payloads: 1
Total Mass: 2,136.0 kg
Geostationary Transfer Orbit


Hipparcos was a scientific satellite of the European Space Agency (ESA), launched in 1989 and operated until 1993. It was the first space experiment devoted to precision astrometry, the accurate measurement of the positions of celestial objects in the sky. This permitted the accurate determination of proper motions and parallaxes of stars, allowing a determination of their distance and tangential velocity. When combined with radial velocity measurements from spectroscopy, this pinpointed all six quantities needed to determine the motion of stars.

The resulting Hipparcos Catalogue, a high-precision catalogue of more than 118,200 stars, was published in 1997. The lower-precision Tycho Catalogue of more than a million stars was published at the same time, while the enhanced Tycho-2 Catalogue of 2.5 million stars was published in 2000. Hipparcos' follow-up mission, Gaia, was launched in 2013.

Payloads: 1
Total Mass: 210.0 kg
Geostationary Transfer Orbit


ELA-2, Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana, France



63rd orbital launch attempt


24th mission
6th mission of 1989
22nd successful mission
14th consecutive successful mission

Ariane 4

5th mission
3rd mission of 1989
5th successful mission